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AI將影響「全球40%」就業機會 IMF總裁警告:加劇社會不平等

15-5-2024 03:16 PM| 发布者: anyting | 评论: 1

摘要: AI將影響「全球40%」就業機會 IMF總裁警告:加劇社會不平等國際貨幣基金組織 (IMF) 的總裁喬治艾娃(Kristalina Georgieva)。(圖/達志/美聯社)AI浪潮席捲全球,國際貨幣基金(IMF)總裁喬治艾娃(Kristalina ...
 AI將影響「全球40%」就業機會 IMF總裁警告:加劇社會不平等



國際貨幣基金組織 (IMF) 的總裁喬治艾娃(Kristalina Georgieva)。(圖/達志/美聯社)



AI浪潮席捲全球,國際貨幣基金(IMF)總裁喬治艾娃(Kristalina Georgieva)警告,AI「如海嘯般」衝擊勞動市場,影響全球4成就業機會,恐加劇社會不平等。

喬治艾娃出席瑞士國際問題研究所(Swiss Institute of International Studies)在蘇黎世主辦的活動指出,AI恐在未來兩年,衝擊已開發經濟體60%的就業機會,全球40%的工作也會受到影響。

面對AI浪潮來襲,喬治艾娃表示,「我們沒什麼時間讓民眾和企業做好準備。若是我們控制得當,AI能大幅提高生產力,但也可能帶來更多錯誤資訊,加劇社會不平等。」

喬治艾娃列舉2020年全球爆發新冠疫情及俄烏戰爭為例,提到近幾年世界經濟飽受衝擊,尤其氣候危機作祟下,她預期還將面臨更多衝擊,不過依然極具韌性。

喬治艾娃演說中指出,去年憂心多數經濟體陷入衰退的疑慮四起,但並未發生,沒有落入全球衰退的處境。她說,「讓我們備受打擊的通膨正在降溫,幾乎各地都是如此。」

瑞士央行(SNB)總裁喬丹(Thomas Jordan)也在同一場合演說,他聲稱瑞士的抗通膨戰役大有進展。瑞士4月通膨率年增1.4%,連續11個月維持在SNB的0到2%目標區間。

AI取代人類工作的示警聲此起彼落,華爾街巨頭高盛集團4月初報告即提出驚人預估,全球有3億個工作將因生成式AI萎縮或消失。

但高盛不忘強調AI的優勢,認為自動化帶來創新,促成新型態工作。企業拜AI所賜節省成本,將資源投注於開拓或擴張業務,全球每年GDP可因此增加7%。

喬治艾娃警告AI給勞動市場帶來「海嘯」般威脅,股神巴菲特在甫於5月初落幕的年度股東大會上,則將AI比擬成「核彈」,要是運用不當,將造成毀滅性後果。

巴菲特當時提及,AI技術能將其音容模仿得維妙維肖,連妻女都辨不出真偽,令他對AI應用於詐騙的潛力感到憂心。


「工商時報吳慧珍」記者
https://www.ctwant.com/article/336922


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引用 xfgmfhmd 15-5-2024 03:32 PM
       The Kwok scam only pits the ants
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   #WenguiGuo #WashingtonFarm

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